The EU Directive 2007/2/EC established an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community, called in short INSPIRE, and by Legislative Decree 32/2010, which transposes Directive INSPIRE, the National Geoportal was established to enable stakeholders, public and private, to have cognizance of the availability of land and environmental information in Italy.
The National Geoportal becomes, with the above-mentioned legislative measure, the Italian node in the infrastructure for spatial information in the European Community (INSPIRE) for the purposes of environmental policies or activities which may affect the environment. It is the access point for the national level of national infrastructure for spatial information and for environmental monitoring.
According to Legislative Decree 32/2010 which transposes the INSPIRE Directive, in fact, the National Geoportal is required to provide services for the spatial data and environmental monitoring for which it has been created the appropriate metadata accessible via the internet or through interoperability tools.
The network services provided by National Geoportal allow the use of data search services available through their metadata, offering the opportunity to consult in accordance with OGC standards, and to download them with their licenses, proposing appropriate tools for their transformation (conversion). The use of such services is carried out through a GIS client (such as the open source QGIS), for the use of which is described in the relevant manuals.
The INSPIRE guidelines for the implementation of Research Services recommended that this service is implemented using the OGC™ (Open Geospatial Consortium Catalogue Services Specification 2.0.2 – ISO Metadata Application Profile for CSW 2.0) .
The services provided by National Geoportal are :
- CSW (discovery service);
- WMS (view service);
- WFS, WCS (download service);
- WPS (transformation service).